While more than 160 foods can cause allergic reactions in people with food allergies or intolerances, in Australia and New Zealand there are 12 allergens that account for 90% of food allergic reactions.
Whenever these 12 allergens are present in food as ingredients or processing aids, or are from cross-contamination, they must be declared on the food label. Food labels help allergic consumers identify offending foods or ingredients making it easier to avoid them.
The Top 12 Allergens are:
3. Gluten containing cereals
6. Sesame Seed
12. Added Sulphites
PEAL Changes 2021
In February 2021, FSANZ made some changes to the list of allergens for Australia and New Zealand as part of the new Plain English Allergen Labelling (PEAL) laws to differentiate some of the allergens.