12 Major Food Allergens for Australia & New Zealand

While more than 160 foods can cause allergic reactions in people with food allergies or intolerances, in Australia and New Zealand there are 12 allergens that account for 90% of food allergic reactions.

Whenever these 12 allergens are present in food as ingredients or processing aids, or are from cross-contamination, they must be declared on the food label. Food labels help allergic consumers identify offending foods or ingredients making it easier to avoid them.

The Top 12 Allergens are:
1. Peanut
2. Treenuts
3. Gluten containing cereals
4. Egg
5. Milk
6. Sesame Seed
7. Fish
8. Crustacea
9. Mollusc
10. Soy
11. Lupin
12. Added Sulphites

PEAL Changes 2021

In February 2021, FSANZ made some changes to the list of allergens for Australia and New Zealand as part of the new Plain English Allergen Labelling (PEAL) laws to differentiate some of the allergens.

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FSANZ Food Standards Australia New Zealand Food Labelling Allergen Labelling Proposal P1044

4 Resources You Need For Plain English Allergen Labelling

Food Standards (Proposal P1044 – Plain English Allergen Labelling) Variation is the latest update, from February 2021, to the food regulations for Australia & New Zealand. It will affect all food & drink products that require an allergen statement. Allergen information must to be declared in simple, plain English terms and in a specified format and location.

Businesses have 3 years to comply with the new requirements (February 2024) and have until February 2026 to sell out any remining old stock.

There are 4 documents that all food businesses, food technologists or quality assurance supervisors need to know and follow to change over their current allergen declarations and to make sure any new products are compliant.  These are the key regulatory resources which contain the specific details regarding Plain English Allergen Labelling (PEAL) and all the information that is required to complete allergen labelling for all food and drink products.

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PEAL Tree Nuts

The 9 Tree Nut Allergens for PEAL

For Australia and New Zealand, there are 9 tree nuts specified in the Plain English Allergen Labelling (PEAL) Standard as allergens and they must be declared according to their individual nut name in both the Ingredient Statement and the allergen Summary Statement.

The 9 tree nuts are almond, Brazil nut, cashew, hazelnut, macadamia, pecan, pine nut, pistachio and walnut.

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FSANZ Food Standards Australia New Zealand Food Labelling Allergen Labelling Proposal P1044

Ten Essential Criteria For Plain English Allergen Labelling (PEAL) for Australia & NZ

Food Standards (Proposal P1044 – Plain English Allergen Labelling) Variation is the latest update to the food regulations in Australia & New Zealand and will affect all food & drink products that require an allergen statement. To help consumers, all allergen information must to be declared in simple, plain English terms and in a specified format and location.

Businesses have 3 years to comply with the new requirements (February 2024) and have until February 2026 to sell out any remining old stock.

Read more